JYODO TERMINOLOGY & VOCABULARY

 

COMMANDS

Tai So Yoi

Sage Jo

Tsune No Kamae

Honte No Kamae

Gyakute No Kamae

Hiki Otoshi No Kamae

Ichi Monji No Kamae

Hasso No Kamae

 

Yamae

Motoe

Itchi Kotai

Shi Uchi Kotai

Osame

Jo Osame

Yoi

Hajime

Kiyotsuke

Rei

Sensei Ni Rei

Maware Migi

Place the jo behind the arm on the left side, held vertically with the tip of the jo resting on the floor

Place the jo behind the arm on the right side and hold the jo vertically when walking and carrying the weapon

Assume the natural basic posture with the jo held on the right side with the tip centered on the opponent

Assume the forward/on guard position with the jo centered on the opponent's eyes and the forward hand in a natural position

Assume the forward/on guard position with the jo centered on the opponent's eyes, with the forward hand in a reverse position

Assume the side posture/on guard position with the jo

Assume the jo position for Tsuki Hazushi Uchi with the jo held horizontally above the head, each hand grasping the ends of the jo

Assume a position with the sword held on the right side, tip pointing up and back at a 45 degree angle with the tsuba next to the corner of the mouth

Stop all activity immediately, return the jo to Honte No Kamae and wait for further instructions

Return to Tsune No Kamae

Change positions with your training partner, do not trade weapons

Exchange weapons with your training partner

Put away the sword

Put away the jo

Ready (to begin)

Begin

Attention (to begin or end class)

Bow

Bow to the teacher

About-face (pivot to the right)

 

VOCABULARY

Shin

Do

Muso

Ryu

Jodo

Tandoku

Sotai

Kihon

Kata

Kamae

Shisei

Migi

Hidari

Ma-Ai

Sensei

Shihan

Bokken

Jo

Shidachi

Uchidachi

Spirit, also called kami

The 'way', a path or means of personal development

Dream or vision, also the family name of the developer of Jodo, Muso Gonnusuke

Collection of martial skills taught within a school

The 'way' of training with a short staff

Single individual training (kihon tandoku), also called shitori geiko

Two person training with bokken and jo (kihon sotai), also called futari geiko

Basic movements or techniques

Pre-arranged training forms designed to teach principle and application

A posture which reflects combative spirit and readiness

Posture

Right

Left

Combative distance between opponents, judgement of engagement distance

Teacher

Master teacher

Wooden training sword

Wooden staff

Jo wielder

Bokken wielder

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