JUDO TERMINOLOGY & VOCABULARY

 

COMMANDS

Anza

Hajime

Matte

Maitta

Kiyotsuke

Rei

Seiza

Seiza Ni Rei

Sensei Ni Rei

Yoi

Sit Indian style with legs crossed

Begin

Stop (all activity)

"I surrender", used when unable to tap or clap out

Attention (to begin or end class)

Bow

Sit formally in a kneeling position

Bow from a kneeling position

Bow to the teacher

Ready (to begin)

VOCABULARY

Ju

Do

Fugakukai

Judoka

Dojo

Sempai

Kohai

Gi

Dan

Kyu

Tanto

Bokken

Jo

Tori

Uke

Zanshin

Randori

Migi

Hidari

Hakama

Sensei

Shihan

Obi

Kuzushi

Tsukuri

Kake

Gentle

The 'way', a path or means of personal development

House (kai) of highest (fu) study (gaku)

One who studies Judo

School for learning martial arts, literally 'way place'

Higher rank (senior)student

Lower rank (junior) student

Training uniform

Black belt or graded rank

Colored belt or ungraded rank (below black belt)

Knife

Wooden training sword

Wooden staff

Person executing the technique

Person being thrown (attacker)

Concentration that remains on uke even after the technique or throw is completed so as to dominate the opponent

Free style training (i.e. hand randori, knife randori)

Right

Left

Traditional pleated pants worn by samurai or martial arts students

Teacher

Master teacher

Belt worn with gi

Off balance

Entry (into a throw)

Throw or execute the technique

COUNTING

Count 

One

Two

Three

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Ten

Eleven

Twelve

Twenty

 

Japanese

Ichi

Ni

Son

Shi

Go

Roku

Shichi

Hachi

Ku

Ju

Ju Ichi

Ju Ni

Ni Ju

Pronunciation

ee-chee

nee

sahn

shee

goh

roh-koo

shee-chee

hah-chee

koo

joo

(Add 10 and 1)

T(Add 10 and 2)

(Combine 10 and 2)

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