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Fugakukai International Association

Karl E. Geis, Hanshi
10th Dan Aikido, 9th Dan Judo U.S.J.A., 8th Dan Jyodo




AIKIDO TERMINOLOGY & VOCABULARY


COMMANDS
Anza Sit Indian style with legs crossed
Hajime Begin
Matte Stop (all activity)
Maitta "I surrender", used when unable to tap or clap out
Kiyotsuke Attention (to begin or end class)
Rei Bow
Seiza Sit formally in a kneeling position
Seiza Ni Rei Bow from a kneeling position
Sensei Ni Rei Bow to the teacher
Yoi Ready (to begin)

COUNTING
Counting is normally only used to set a cadence for the class in certain group exercises such as practicing the walking ways or during warm-ups.
Count Japanese Pronunciation
One Ichi ee-chee
Two Ni nee
Three San sahn
Four Shi shee
Five Go goh
Six Roku roh-koo
Seven Shichi shee-chee
Eight Hachi hah-chee
Nine Ku koo
Ten Ju joo
Eleven Ju Ichi (Add 10 and 1)
Twelve Ju Ni (Add 10 and 2)
Twenty Ni Ju (Combine 10 and 2)

VOCABULARY
Ai Harmony
Ki Spirit
Do The 'way', a path or means of personal development
Fugakukai House (kai) of highest (fu) study (gaku)
Aikidoka One who studies Aikido
Dojo School for learning martial arts, literally 'way place'
Sempai Higher rank (senior)student
Kohai Lower rank (junior) student
Gi Training uniform
Dan Black belt or graded rank
Kyu Colored belt or ungraded rank (below black belt)
Tanto Knife
Bokken Wooden training sword
Jo Wooden staff
Tori Person executing the technique
Uke Person being thrown (attacker)
Zanshin Concentration that remains on uke even after the technique or throw is completed so as to dominate the opponent
Randori Free style training (i.e. hand randori, knife randori)
Ma-ai Combative distance between opponents, judgement of engagement distance
Migi Right
Hidari Left
Hakama Traditional pleated pants worn by samurai or martial arts students
Sensei Teacher
Shihan Master teacher
Obi Belt worn with gi
Kuzushi Off balance
Tsukuri Entry (into a throw)
Kake Throw or execute the technique